Dangerous consumables for your dogs

PDF  dangerous consumables for dogs

The Animal Poison Hotline 888-232-8870 sponsored by North Shore Animal League America and PROSAR International Animal Poison Center (IAPC). PROSAR IAPC is staffed 24 hours a day with licensed veterinary professionals as well as experts in toxicology and pharmacology.


Chocolate
: contains Theobromine, a cardiac stimulant and diuretic which dogs systems are inefficient at breaking down and excreting.  Can be fatal.

Unsweetened (baker’s) chocolate (significant theobromine amounts) > Semi-sweet/ sweet dark chocolate > milk chocolate > white chocolate (insignificant theobromine amounts)

The toxicity of Theobromine is dose dependent. This means that the size of your pet, the type of chocolate, and quantity of chocolate determine if or how toxic it is for your pet. Call your vet if you are unsure.

Antifreeze: acute toxicity often present as if the animal is intoxicated with alcohol. It is odorless and has a sweet taste which can be appealing to curious or thirsty animals and kids. Kidney failure can occur 36-72 hours post ingestion. If you THINK your dog consumed antifreeze call your vet immediately.

Table scraps: Table scraps have been discouraged for years for the potential toxicity, obesity and general poor health. However, healthy, balanced diets can be created using human foods.

Alcoholic beverages: Can cause intoxication, coma, and death.

Baby food: Can contain onion powder, which can be toxic to dogs. (Please see onion below.) It can also result in nutritional deficiencies, if fed in large amounts.

Bones from fish, poultry, or other meat sources: Can cause obstruction or laceration of the digestive system.

Cat food: Generally are too high in protein and fats.

Chocolate, coffee, tea, and other caffeine: Contain caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline, which can be toxic and affect the heart and nervous systems.

Citrus oil extracts: Can cause vomiting.

Fat trimmings: Can cause pancreatitis.

Grapes and raisins: Contain an unknown toxin, which can cause irreversible damage to the kidneys. There have been no problems associated with grape seed extract.

Hops: Unknown compound causes panting, increased heart rate, elevated temperature, seizures, and death.

Human vitamin supplements containing iron: Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to the other organs including the liver and kidneys.

Large amounts of liver: Can cause Vitamin A toxicity, which affects muscles and bones.

Macadamia nuts: Contain an unknown toxin, which can affect the digestive and nervous systems and muscle.

Marijuana: Can depress the nervous system, cause vomiting, and changes in the heart rate.

Milk and other dairy products: Some adult dogs and cats do not have sufficient amounts of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down the lactose in milk. This can result in diarrhea. Lactose-free milk products are available for pets.

Moldy or spoiled food, garbage: Can contain multiple toxins causing vomiting and diarrhea and can also affect other organs.

Mushrooms: Can contain toxins, which may affect multiple systems in the body, cause shock, and result in death.

Onions and garlic (raw, cooked, or powder): Contain sulfoxides and disulfides, which can damage red blood cells and cause anemia. Cats are more susceptible than dogs. Garlic is less toxic than onions.

Persimmons Seeds: can cause intestinal obstruction and enteritis.

Pits from peaches and plums: Can cause obstruction of the digestive tract.

Potato, rhubarb, and tomato leaves; potato and tomato stems: Contain oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems. This is more of a problem in livestock.

Raw eggs: Contain an enzyme called avidin, which decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin). This can lead to skin and hair coat problems. Raw eggs may also contain Salmonella.

Raw fish: Can result in a thiamine (a B vitamin) deficiency leading to loss of appetite, seizures, and in severe cases, death. More common if raw fish is fed regularly.

Salt: If eaten in large quantities it may lead to electrolyte imbalances.

String: Can become trapped in the digestive system; called a “string foreign body.”

Sugary foods: Can lead to obesity, dental problems, and possibly diabetes mellitus.

Tobacco: Contains nicotine, which affects the digestive and nervous systems. Can result in rapid heartbeat, collapse, coma, and death.

Yeast dough: Can expand and produce gas in the digestive system, causing pain and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.

Xylitol (artificial sweetener): Can cause liver failure.

Pork Chop’s Way

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